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PostPosted: Wed Nov 18, 2015 10:33 pm 
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What do you think it will take to stabilize greenhouse gas emissions?

Hopefully, most coal will be under a CCS or an IGCC system...so more sustainable coal production in the future. For as far as oil and gas, we need to transition to clean energy technologies and reduce consumption via some of these sustainable technologies. (*Only 10+ points total needed to stop [but, not to reverse] global warming, to stabilize greenhouse gas emissions):

This is what the entire planet must achieve (only 10+ points total needed):
3 points - most countries in Europe and Asia (and the U.S., Canada & Australia) implement either a Carbon Tax or Carbon Cap and Trade
2 points - wind energy and offshore wind farms - 400+ GW of added (global) capacity
1 - 300+ GW of added (global) capacity of solar and solar thermal - PV and CSP
1 - 15+% of world's electricity production - hydroelectricity (dams, tides, currents and waves) and geothermal (and heat pumps) combined
4 points of green building: through combined heat and power, district heating, Energy Star, Home Energy Management (HEM), renewable energy storage, smart meters, and cool roofs etc... (as much as possible - all new buildings/ retrofit old buildings worldwide [especially 1st world countries] to incorporate at least 1 of these technologies)
2 - clean coal - carbon capture and storage - at least 25% of world's coal plants have CCS or IGCC technologies
2 more points for 300+ GW installed renewable energy storage capacity (global)
1 point - vehicle efficiency + sustainable mass transit - all cars 40+ MPG's/ most (over 50%) of the world's mass transit uses green tech.
1 - most (over 50%) cars are hybrids, plug-in hybrids and electric
1 - gasification/ create syngas at a majority (over 50%) of the world's landfills and Power2Gas , anaerobic digestion in the majority of countries
1 point - 200+ GW added capacity of nuclear energy (at least 100+ GW added 3rd and 4th generation nuclear)
1 - biofuel, cellulosic biofuel/ algae - 20%+ of world's total fuel sources for transportation are from biofuel
2 - conservation/ recycling
1 point - conservation efforts in most countries increase 200+%
1 - end all tropical deforestation + reforestation of the size of the Amazon

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PostPosted: Sun Nov 22, 2015 3:00 pm 
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You forgot to mention the time limit and necessary depopulation. The cures are so last century. We have been in open ocean Arctic warming runaway since 2007. The chances of stopping its progression to massive methane self release was a 95% reduction of 1998 emissions level by 2023, to have a 50% chance. With necessary implementation time, and acceleration of effects, it is too late.
I used to have "hopium", too. Last century with walking the talk. I suppose it will be a fight to the end. :mrgreen:

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PostPosted: Sun Nov 22, 2015 3:36 pm 
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Clearly, the path to stabilize GHG emissions includes making it a priority for governments to financially invest in at least some of these solutions:



1. A carbon tax, or carbon cap-and-trade system, or both

2. Further investment in, and development of all forms of renewable energy including: wind, solar, geothermal and biomass/biofuel etc...

3. Carbon capture and storage

4. Widespread adoption of hybrids, plug-in hybrids and electric vehicles, as well as sustainable mass transportation using biofuel or electricity (bus systems, light rail etc...)

5. More use of, and development of smart grid infrastructure - smart meters, home energy management systems etc...

6. Energy, especially renewable energy, storage

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PostPosted: Mon Nov 23, 2015 2:02 pm 
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https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid ... 161&type=1

Also added at
http://arctic-news.blogspot.com/.../warning-planetary...

A new version of the poster has been added at the post at:
http://arctic-news.blogspot.com/.../warning-planetary...

Enlarged image is at:
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/.../4neyrsQ... ... TES3-2.jpg

Also posted at facebook at:
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid ... 4bf6fc8d12

Arctic methane destruction systems :
https://www.facebook.com/AlamoProject

Seismic activity triggering subsea methane emissions (see poster at end):
http://arctic-news.blogspot.com.es/p/se ... ivity.html

http://www.conversationearth.org/

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“Those Who Have the Privilege to Know Have the Duty to Act”…Albert Einstein


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PostPosted: Mon Nov 30, 2015 3:41 pm 
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Here is some more on the fallacy of the 2*C goal;

The magic number
Holding warming under two degrees Celsius is the goal. But is it still attainable?

" many models now rely on “negative emissions” through technologies that remove carbon dioxide from the air or after combustion processes. These technologies, he objects, are at “little more than a conceptual stage of development.”

Oliver Geden, a researcher with the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, leveled similar charges earlier this year and has called for modifying the two-degree target, labeling it “patently unrealistic” and “obviously unattainable.” On the scientific front, meanwhile, a recent analysis by Stanford University earth scientist Rob Jackson and three colleagues found “without immediate and substantial mitigation . . . time has nearly run out for 2°C.”"
http://www.washingtonpost.com/sf/nation ... 29/carbon/

We're Kidding Ourselves on 2-Degree Global Warming Limit: Experts

http://www.nbcnews.com/science/environm ... ts-n257006

Racing Extinction
"Racing Extinction," airing 9 p.m. EST Wednesday in the United States and in local prime time in 200-plus countries and TV markets

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"With every decision, think seven generations ahead of the consequences of your actions" Ute rule of life.
“We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors; we borrow it from our children”― Chief Seattle
“Those Who Have the Privilege to Know Have the Duty to Act”…Albert Einstein


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PostPosted: Mon Nov 30, 2015 3:47 pm 
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Here is some more on the fallacy of the 2*C goal;

The magic number
Holding warming under two degrees Celsius is the goal. But is it still attainable?

" many models now rely on “negative emissions” through technologies that remove carbon dioxide from the air or after combustion processes. These technologies, he objects, are at “little more than a conceptual stage of development.”

Oliver Geden, a researcher with the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, leveled similar charges earlier this year and has called for modifying the two-degree target, labeling it “patently unrealistic” and “obviously unattainable.” On the scientific front, meanwhile, a recent analysis by Stanford University earth scientist Rob Jackson and three colleagues found “without immediate and substantial mitigation . . . time has nearly run out for 2°C.”"
http://www.washingtonpost.com/sf/nation ... 29/carbon/
http://www.livescience.com/41690-2-degr ... -much.html
We're Kidding Ourselves on 2-Degree Global Warming Limit: Experts

http://www.nbcnews.com/science/environm ... ts-n257006

Racing Extinction
"Racing Extinction," airing 9 p.m. EST Wednesday in the United States and in local prime time in 200-plus countries and TV markets

_________________
"With every decision, think seven generations ahead of the consequences of your actions" Ute rule of life.
“We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors; we borrow it from our children”― Chief Seattle
“Those Who Have the Privilege to Know Have the Duty to Act”…Albert Einstein


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PostPosted: Mon Nov 30, 2015 7:08 pm 
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http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015 ... .html?_r=0

The shortfall between the pledges that countries internationally, and as a whole, have made in an effort to hit the 2 degree mark that represents saving the planet from the worst affects of climate change, and reality of what the planet has in its future is: a 5-8+ degrees celsius rise in temperature if the world simply maintains the status quo, or at least 2+ degrees change over the acceptable 2 degrees if all pledges by all countries are actually met. Even in this best-case scenario, as of now, there is still a shortfall - this NYTimes infographic clearly illustrates this problem.

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PostPosted: Mon Nov 30, 2015 7:10 pm 
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http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/11/23/world/100000004050636.mobile.html?_r=0

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PostPosted: Sat Dec 05, 2015 5:42 pm 
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"According to a new report from the advocacy group Corporate Accountability International, several of the Paris COP’s corporate sponsors have direct ties to the fossil fuel industry, and, the group argues, a conflict of interest when it comes to the purported goals of the summit.

“It’s greenwashing,” CAI spokesperson Jesse Bragg said. “Those corporations are able to say they’re part of the solution just because they write a check.”"
http://grist.org/climate-energy/why-are ... nd-2-image

A lot more here; http://www.stateofourclimate.com/
Here from AMEG; " Within 5 years of a blue ocean event one would also expect the Arctic Ocean to be at least 1.0°C warmer than present on the surface, with even greater warming at depth."
"We are concerned that IPCC has failed to consider the implications of the dramatic climate change in the Arctic, and in particular the retreat in Arctic sea ice, should it decline to less than one million square kilometres (1m km2) at its minimum extent in September. We call this the "blue ocean event", because there would be so little sea ice left floating on the ocean"
"The Arctic Methane Emergency Group, AMEG, is a multi-disciplinary group containing scientists, engineers and communicators, drawing on top expertise from many fields. We view the Earth System as a finely-tuned mechanism that has produced violent climate change over much of the past 2.5 million years but a remarkably stable climate and sea level for the Holocene past 8000 years."
From The Arctic Methane Emergency Group, AMEG

"Draft agreement of Paris outcomes has been released...
• Perhaps the best thing is that the 2C target (with respect to pre-industrial levels) has been changed to 1.5C or well below 2C.
• There is no suggestion to limit the levels of CO2 and CO2eq, let alone to bring them down to 350 ppm and 400 ppm respectively, the levels they were thirty years ago.
• A search found that there is no mention of the Arctic, Antarctic, poles, jet stream or methane.
• COP must live on a different planet."

Keith Nealy Communications Consulting
Climate Change Risk Analysis
Arctic Methane Emergency Group, AMEG
"Based on the thirty-year decline in sea ice and its poor state at the end of recent summers, we estimate the probability of a blue ocean event by 2020 at 80%, noting that the Maslowski 2012 paper projects the event for 2016±3 years [3]. These estimates are at odds with the IPCC models which fail to properly capture the positive albedo feedback effect and hence give a probability of <1% for the blue ocean event occurring so soon."
From Kevin Hester of NZ;
"Methane and the threat it poses to all life on this planet. # NTHE More updates in the comments section.
June 9, 2015 at 7:28pm
Methane was the driver of the Permian extinction and it will be the finalblow in this one, the 6th great extinction.http://www.express.co.uk/news/nature/57 ... er-shiftDr Natalia Shakova shares with us her experience in the Arctic and her stunning conclusions.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kx1Jxk6kjbQProfessor Guy McPherson on methane;https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UXn22d7tyKMhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GTrvj9V5l5s https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y209xSR ... 2havC3sGuy with Dahr Jamailhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hwqd19gjOD0Dahr Jamail https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lz_Xfjv ... KYJennifer Hynes;https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a9PshoYtoxo "

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"With every decision, think seven generations ahead of the consequences of your actions" Ute rule of life.
“We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors; we borrow it from our children”― Chief Seattle
“Those Who Have the Privilege to Know Have the Duty to Act”…Albert Einstein


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