http://www.wisc.edu/foodsafety/wffoodfa ... ec2003.htm
Dangers of Raw Milk Still Linger
Recent outbreaks of Salmonella Typhimurium associated with the consumption of raw, unpasteurized milk in four states (Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and Tennessee) has prompted renewed concern from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Each year in the United States, foodborne disease causes an estimated 76 million illnesses. Of these, an estimated 1.4 million are caused by Salmonella, resulting in approximately 16,000 hospitalizations and 580 deaths. Raw bulk tank milk can contain one or more species of pathogenic bacteria, including Salmonella spp..During 1972--2000, a total of 58 raw milk--associated outbreaks were reported to CDC, of which 17 (29%) were caused by Salmonella spp. One outbreak occurred in Wisconsin in 2001, associated with Campylobacter jejuni. Twenty-seven states still allow the sale of raw milk, and organizations continue their efforts to allow marketing and sale of raw milk to the public directly from the farm, making consumer education about the hazards of raw milk especially important.
The focus of the outbreak investigation was a dairy in Ohio consisted of a working dairy farm, restaurant, snack bar, and petting zoo with goats, cows, calves, lambs, and pigs. In 2002, the dairy was the only place in Ohio that sold raw milk in jugs and served raw milk and milk shakes made with raw milk legally to customers. A total of 62 persons became ill, over a wide age range (1--69 years).
Despite the known association of raw milk with disease-causing organisms, some consumers believe that raw milk is of better quality than pasteurized milk. In states such as Wisconsin, producers circumvent regulations and provide raw milk to consumers by establishing cow-leasing programs in which farmers keep and milk cows owned by individuals. If you have clients wishing to read more on this topic, consult the fact sheet Why Pasteurize? The Dangers of Consuming Raw Milk archived online at Wisconsin FIRST: http://web.archive.org/web/200410181413 ... wmilk1.pdf
Or, check out the following resources available through Steenbock Library:
Headrick ML, Korangy S, Bean NH, et al. The epidemiology of raw milk-associated foodborne disease outbreaks reported in the United States, 1973 through 1992. Am J Public Health 1998;88:1219--21.
Mead PS, Slutsker L, Dietz V, et al. Food-related illness and death in the United States. Emerg Infect Dis 1999;5:607--25.
Jayarao BM, Wang L. A study on the prevalence of gram-negative bacteria in bulk tank milk. J Dairy Sci 1999;82:2620--4.
Jayarao BM, Henning DR. Prevalence of foodborne pathogens in bulk tank milk. J Dairy Sci 2001;84:2157--62.
Hegarty H, O'Sullivan MB, Buckley J, Foley-Nolan C. Continued raw milk
consumption on farms: why? Commun Dis Public Health 2002;5:151--6.
A full report can be found online:
http://web.archive.org/web/200410181413 ... 5226a3.htm