India has with Brazil and Venezuela
been a leader in the generic
and antipatent movement.
But they are still changing to more patent laws just like ht erest of the world ....
By presidential decree India changed its patent law in December 2004 to meet a January 2005 deadline to allow patents on the chemical molecules used in drugs -- not only for new drugs starting in 2005 but also for many others that were patentable after 1995 (an estimated 6,000 patent applications have already been filed for these drugs). Until now India has allowed pharmaceutical patents only on the manufacturing processes used to produce drugs, not on the end products themselves -- a system designed to encourage companies to compete in low-cost manufacturing, developing the nation's industry and making medicines widely available at low prices. Despite the great success of that system, its end was required by a World Trade Organization agreement demanding that all countries switch to European/U.S. type drug patents on the chemical entities themselves. ("least developed" countries, but not India, now have the option of extending their deadline to 2016.)