The General Motors (GM) EV1 is a high-performance zero-emission vehicle powered purely by electricity. Launched in 1997, the EV1 can travel from 70 to 140 miles at speeds reaching 80 MPH. On February 7, 2002, GM Advanced Technology Vehicles brand manager Ken Stewart notified drivers that GM will remove the cars from the road. GM had issued a a statement two months earlier that it would not be "taking cars off the road from customers".
On June 28, 2002, GM refused to deposit checks totaling more than $22,000 from 58 drivers wanting to extend their leases. On August 14, 2002, GM announced it would meet California emissions regulations by giving away thousands of golf cart-like vehicles, incapable of driving in regular traffic.